March 5, 2007
Growing a Magnolia Tree
Magnolias are a beautiful deciduous tree that can't help but be admired when in full bloom.
The Magnolia tree is a native to Eastern Asia and North America. They are tropical in nature and are evergreen. They are a showy fragrant flower that come in a variety of colors such as white,pink,purple,green and yellow.
Lets talk about how to plant and grow a magnolia tree. The Southern Magnolia also known as the (Magnolia grandiflora) is a tree that grows well in the south. It adapts well to a variety of soils and has very little pest problems. They are often used in landscaping as a single specimen. They make a great background for shrubs. They can grow from 60 to 80 feet when reaching full maturity.
They can be used in a ornamental bed or planted in rows to divide a property line. They grow easily in a sun or shaded area. The southern magnolia likes a well drained, acidic soil.
If you are planting a southern magonlia from a container it can be planted anytime of the year and if it is a balled and burlapped one then it should be planted between the months of August to October. It is common for these trees to shed a large amount of leaves during the first growing season due to transplant shock.
Steps to Plant the Magnolia Tree
- Dig the hole two times wide and as deep as the root ball.
- When planting keep the root ball level with soil surface.
- After breaking apart the clods,backfill with native soil.
- Water thoroughtly to settle soil.
- Then apply 3 to 5 inches mulch to soil surface conserve moisture / prevent weeds.
- Fertilize when tree becomes established and starts to grow.
- A guy wire may be needed if planted in a windy exposed area for the first growing season.
The southern magnolia can grow as single tree trunk or multiple trunks like the "Little Gem Magnolia".
- They require one inch of moisture every 14 days.
- Prune in late spring
- Fertilize during first 3 growing seasons.
- Shade Tree
- Street Tree
They make a great tree to landscape with. One draw back is that they are a messy tree. They drop old fruit, leaves and twigs on a continual basis. On the plus side they are fast growing and have a dense foliage.
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